What is Computer Software and its Types
What is Computer Software and its Types: Computers are devices that can do any job if instructed. Thus a computer needs to be provided with a specific step by step instruction which is to be performed to solve a problem. When a computer is provided with a set of instructions in a sequential manner which is understandable by a computer, it is termed as a computer program.
Instructions carried out by a particular computer are basically the several functions it indulges in. The program controls the complete activity of the computer internally and does absolutely that it wants to do executing a task properly. In this article, we will discuss what is computer software and what are the different types of computer softwares.
Also See: Difference Between Software and Program
What is Computer Software and its Types
What is Computer software: Software refers to a set of programs and procedures that describes how the programs are to be used along with associated documents like (flowcharts, etc.). It also means a collection of structured programs, whose basic objective is to improve and increase the capabilities of the computer. Likewise, a software package is a set of programs that execute a specific type of job.
Thus, a multipurpose system has several different software packages so that a particular program does a specific type of job. Based on this, a software allows the user to interact with the computer in order to perform some tasks. At times a software is accepted as a variable portion of the computer.
Types of Computer Softwares
Available range of softwares today is extremely vast and varied but despite that most softwares are divided into two types as below:
1. System Software ( it includes any program supported by application software and the
A System software is designed to direct the operational responsibility while extending the processing capability of a computer system in a step by step manner. The computer’s software system performs the following functions:
a. It supports the advancement of some other application software.
b. It helps in the proper execution of other application software.
Monitors, communicates and controls the overall operation of being able to be attached to be used by the computer, although it has never been an integral part of the system. Examples of such a printer, tape, etc. As a result, system software helps in making the operations of a system more effective and efficient.
This whole process is very important owing to the software and hardware components working together . System programs are the programs that are included in a system software package.
Few of the very common types of system software are:
Operating Systems: It takes care of the important and efficient utilization of the software components of the system.
Programming Language Translators: It transforms the important instructions by programmers in a language , into a form. Communication Software and Utility Programs are also a part of this software.
Also See: Software Crisis In Software Engineering
These programs are structured in such a way that they work according to the users interest) This software consists of a set of more than one programs in order to solve a specific problem and to do a specific task. A program created by a scientist for solving his/her particular research question is also an application software.
The programs which are included in the software package are termed as application programs and the programmers are known as application software programmers .
Listed below are some of the application software’s such as:
Word-Processing Software: It helps to make use of a system for creating, sorting, and printing documents , etc.
Spreadsheet Software: This software ,that allows us to create a computer ledger is a number-like data analysis tool.
Apart from these above softwares, Application software also includes Database Software, Graphics Software, Personal Assistance Software and Education Software.
A Software is considered to be the heart of the computer system. Without them, it is just unthinkable to use computers as it would be absolutely useless. The two basic types of computer softwares are the integral part of the software as they are the one who take up instructions to carry on with the numerous tasks on the computer. To conclude without the presence of software the digital world would not have existed at all.
So it was all about What is Computer Software and its Types. If you any doubt then please comment below.